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歌剧《白毛女》价值超越时代
作者:   来源: 文汇报   发布时间: 2015年12月09日  点击次数:

图片作者: 叶辰亮
图片说明: 歌剧《白毛女》全国巡演在上海大剧院献演,叶辰亮 摄
 

        quanguoxunyanshanghaizhuanjiazuotanhui: lijing70nian,weiheyijiujiaohaojiaozuo—— geju《baimaonv》jiazhichaoyueshidai

  geju《baimaonv》yananshouyan70zhounianzhiji,youwenhuabuzuzhifupaide《baimaonv》quanguoxunyanhuodong5rilaidaoshanghai,zaishanghaidajuyuanlianyanliangwan。zuoweizhongguominzugejudekaishanzhizuoyulichengbei,1945nianshouyanzhijinlijing70zaisuiyue,ruhezhongxianjingdian,rangguanzhongzoujin《baimaonv》suobiaoxiandeqingganshijie?

  昨天,歌剧《白毛女》全国巡演上海专家座谈会举行,文化部《白毛女》剧组与近30位沪上音乐家、评论家、剧作家面对面10分六合创作感受。与会的专家学者指出,此次《白毛女》经典再现靠的不仅是记忆和怀旧,也不是一次简单的重演,而是面对当下观众一次成功的创新式复排。《白毛女》的叫好叫座给人这样的启示: 经典再现应该抓住时代,抓住观众的心。要让观众在重读经典时看到朴素和感动的力量,创作者自身需要有思考、有追求、有明确的方向感。
 

         jingdianzhongdujianliyizhongxinshenmei

10分六合   “10fenliuhedaizhehuaijiudexinlizoujinjuchang,ganshoudaodequeshiyichangjuyouyuanchuangyiweidejumuxiangshou。juzhongyanyuanyiliangxiang、yikaikou,jiurang10fenliuheganjuedaociciyanchukeyijianliqiyizhongxindeshenmei。”zaishanghaijuxiefuzhuxiluohuaizhenkanlai,《baimaonv》defupai,weichuangzuozheruheduidaijingdianzuopinzaidangxiadechuanbo,dailaihenduoxindeqifaheshifanzuoyong。tarenwei,xinban《baimaonv》gengjiaqiangdiaohuiguigejuyishubenti,tuchuyinlexing、gechangxinghexuanlvxing。birudui“zhaodashujianghongjun”“murenzhiqiangqiangxier”dengjichangxijinxingzaichuangzuo,bayiqiandeduibaihetaicigaichenglechangduan,zengqianglegejudeganranli。“xierhedachunzaishandongxiangfeng”yichang,huifuleliangrendeerzhongchang,shengqingbingmao,cuirenleixia。“jinguanguoqule70nian,danguanzhongduiqinqing、aiqingheyouqingzheixierenleigongtongdeganshoubuhuigaibian。cici《baimaonv》dezhuchuangrenyuanduiqinggan、wutaiyijigejubiaoyanyishujinxinglezaichuangzuo,ranggaijuhuanfachushidaiganheshishanggan,gengjuyouwenhuadiyun。”

  有专家指出,与现在不少新创作讲究排场和华美的舞美服装相比,《白毛女》自始至终流露的质朴气息反而更让观众动容。中国文艺评论家协会副主席毛时安认为,这来源于本次《白毛女》主创团队尽最大可能保持了原著的情感和人物质朴的性格。“就像喜儿大年三十看到父亲回家以后那种喜悦,就是最能打动人心的。”而“小白菜”“河北梆子”等来源于民间的音乐元素同样能够让台下观众倍感亲切。“经典作品的再现,最重要的一点是作品本身蕴含的东西必须随着时代有新的发现、阐述和理解。”
 

10分六合         wuluntingguoduoshaobianyirangandong

10分六合   “dangyitingdao‘beifengchui’dexuanlvzaijuyuanxiangqilaishi,wulunzhiqianyijingtingguoduoshaobian,yiranzheimegandong。10fenliuhejuedezheijiushijingdian。”yuanshanghaixijuxueyuanyuanzhangrongguangrunrenwei,《baimaonv》deyishumeilizhisuoyizai70nianhoudejintianmeiyourenhexiaojianhesangshi,zaiyulaoyibeiyishujiagenzhiminjian、xiqulezhongduomingehexiqusucairongru《baimaonv》dechuangzuo,gengzaiyu《baimaonv》duiyurendezunyanherenxingdeguanhuai。zheiyangdeyishutaiduyulinianzhidedangxiachuangzuozhexuexi。

10分六合   “zhongguominjianyinleshiyizuobaozang。biru‘xiaobaicai’dexuanlv,jingguolaoyibeiyishujiadejiagong、bianhua,jiunengzhanxianrucifengfudexuanlvhedongtingdelegan。”yuhuizhuanjiarenwei,《baimaonv》jianzhengleminzugejucongminjiangequbiaoyandaoxishouxiqujinghua,zaidao“minmeijiehe”,congerxingchengdaiyouyongtandiaoxingzhidejuyouqiangliezhongguosecaidegejudeguocheng,shijidaiyishujiabuduanchuangxindejieguo。

  “youxiudewenyizuopinbudanyaoguanxinzijishenchudeshidai,tongshiyaoyouchaoyuezijishidaidejiazhi。”maoshianshuo,zaidangxia,10fenliuhenengfouweizhongguodeyishuwutaichuangzuochugengduodechuanshizhizuo,zheishimeiyigecongshiyishugongzuoderenmiandui《baimaonv》yinggaishensidewenti。

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